Timothy Snyder is Professor of History at Yale University, specializing in the political history of central and eastern Europe. He received his B.A. from Brown University and his doctorate from the University of Oxford, where he was a British Marshall Scholar. He has also held the Harvard Academy Scholarship. He sits on the advisory committee of YIVO and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Modern European History and East European Politics and Societies. This past year he has been writing for the New York Review of Books on questions of the Holocaust and east European history. Among his publications are five books: Nationalism, Marxism, and Modern Central Europe: A Biography of Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz; The Reconstruction of Nations: Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999, Sketches from a Secret War: A Polish Artist’s Mission to Liberate Soviet Ukraine; The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of a Habsburg Archduke, and Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, which will be published in the United Kingdom in September and in Poland next year. He is currently a fellow of the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna.